Democracy, Governance, and Economic Performance: East and by Ian Marsh, Jean Blondel, Takashi Inoguchi

By Ian Marsh, Jean Blondel, Takashi Inoguchi

Democratization happened or used to be consolidated in a few East and Southeast Asian international locations in the course of the Nineteen Nineties. this article explores the hyperlinks among political and monetary improvement. It focuses quite on political events and occasion structures, utilizing the developmental country as a template opposed to which to degree the practices and techniques of person countries within the area.

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Additional info for Democracy, Governance, and Economic Performance: East and Southeast Asia (The Changing Nature of Democracy)

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ISPA provided structural funds money to contribute to accession preparations specifically in the area of economic and social cohesion, which covered environmental measures and transport infrastructure measures. SAPARD funds contributed to the implementation of the acquis concerning the common agricultural policy and related policies, and could also be used to solve specific problems in adapting the agricultural sector and rural areas to EU membership. Half of the overall pre-accession assistance per year during the 2000–2006 period was allocated to PHARE.

It was provoked by the accelerated accession process, and more particularly by the recommendation of the European Commission, in its July 1997 “Agenda 2000” document, to start accession negotiations with only five of the ten applicants from CEE, assigning Bulgaria to the “slow-track” group. 5 After the European Commission’s 1997 conclusion that Bulgaria was not prepared to start accession negotiations with the European Union, the national political consensus on “Europe” weakened. Some called this malaise “Euro-fatigue” (Krasimirov 1998, 12), while others referred to it as a “negative consensus” (Mezhdunarodni otnoshenia 1998, 39).

The following subsections are based on these two surveys and reveal a more detailed picture of the general attitudes toward EU accession and expectations from EU membership among the Bulgarian business community. General Vision of the European Union and Attitudes Toward Bulgaria’s Accession to the European Union The MBMD surveys showed that two different perceptions of Europe were mixed: on the one hand, Europe as a symbol of civilization, democracy, and humanity; on the other, Europe as a perception of a new demanding reality—economic, political, and administrative—that has emerged after the end of World War II.

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