By Ruud Koopmans
From overseas press assurance of the French government’s try to hinder Muslims from donning headscarves to terrorist assaults in Madrid and the U.S., questions of cultural identification and pluralism are on the heart of the world’s so much pressing occasions and debates. providing an unparalleled wealth of empirical study garnered in the course of ten years of a cross-cultural undertaking, Contested Citizenship addresses those primary matters by means of evaluating collective activities via migrants, xenophobes, and antiracists in Germany, Britain, France, the Netherlands, and Switzerland. Revealing notable cross-national modifications in how immigration and variety are contended via varied nationwide governments, those authors locate that how citizenship is built is the foremost variable defining the event of Europe’s immigrant populations. Contested Citizenship presents nuanced coverage strategies and demanding situations the truism that multiculturalism is often reliable for immigrants. Even in an age of eu integration and globalization, the nation is still a severe actor in deciding upon what issues of view are brilliant and realistic—and legitimate—in society. Ruud Koopmans is professor of sociology at unfastened college, Amsterdam. Paul Statham is reader in political communications on the college of Leeds. Marco Giugni is a researcher and instructor of political technology on the college of Geneva. Florence Passy is assistant professor of political technological know-how on the college of Lausanne, Switzerland.
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Extra info for Contested Citizenship: Immigration and Cultural Diversity in Europe (Social Movements, Protest and Contention)
The fact that our data in such cases are partly the result of media selection processes is not a problem for our approach; instead, our data capture precisely what we want to measure. A data set including all attempts at claims making, including the large numbers of failures, would be interesting for investigating selection processes, but such an effort could only feasibly be undertaken for a very delimited set of actors, times, and places. However, as a measurement of politically relevant claims making, such data would be far inferior to data based on media-reported claims.
In a coevolutionary process, the reactions of established actors as well as new rivals and supporters may in turn alter the identities, aims, and strategies of the original contender (Koopmans 2004c). Although the emphasis in this book is not on explaining developments over time but rather on cross-national comparison, we believe that it is nonetheless necessary to take these interactive dimensions into account. In Figure 2, the mutual influences among actors on the playing field of contentious politics are indicated by arrows 6 and 7.
The position of Muslims is at the center of controversies over multicultural citizenship, opposing those who argue for a differentiation of citizenship in order to accommodate group cultures to those who fear that this will lead to a decline in social cohesion. This theoretical debate is the central theme of this chapter, and we begin by asking how important demands for cultural and religious rights are among the claims of migrants, and which migrant groups are most likely to make such claims. We then focus on Muslims and take a detailed look at the kind of cultural claims they make.