By R. Lauermann
This e-book examines the character of illustration in democracy, focusing in particular at the elements shaping constituent reviews of the U.S. condo Representatives and the ensuing implications for presidency.
Read Online or Download Constituent Perceptions of Political Representation: How Citizens Evaluate Their Representatives PDF
Similar civics & citizenship books
A lot has replaced in Germany during the last two decades. In 1987 Peter Katzenstein produced a seminal research of the 'semisovereign' politics of West Germany, offering a compelling account of policy-making in Europe's biggest financial system. in spite of the fact that, unification in 1990 replaced Germany's institutional configuration substantially, and created monetary demanding situations on a tremendous scale.
This publication addresses widespread debates in Western Europe and the us on subject matters as likely varied as nationwide id and nostalgia, migration and integration, gender relatives and 'caring communities'. on the so much basic point, all of those debates care for the precise to belong and the power to 'feel at home'.
Who're the genuine electorate of the United States? which individuals really qualify for equality below the legislation? 200 years in the past, a good resolution to those questions may have excluded not just girls, slaves, and Indians, but in addition Germans, Scotch-Irish, Catholics, and Jews. but the announcement of Independence expresses a profound dedication to the suitable of equivalent citizenship.
Additional info for Constituent Perceptions of Political Representation: How Citizens Evaluate Their Representatives
Policy congruence). Studies have consistently shown a varied set of behaviors expected by constituents (Cain, Ferejohn and Fiorina 1987; Friedman 2007; Grill 2007; Jacobson 2012). This study employs Eulau and Karp’s (1978) concept of responsiveness, which contains four components—policy, allocative, service and symbolic—each of which provides different means by which a representative can represent his constituents—to empirically test hypotheses about the constituent perspective of representation.
Although members may have other goals they wish to achieve, reelection takes precedence because it enables members to pursue other goals. According to Fenno’s (1978) Theory of Accountability, “if members want to be reelected, they know that they will be held accountable at the next election and their behavior will be more responsive” (233). Indeed, Fenno (1996) reiterates in his later work on senatorial campaigns that the representative relationship is reciprocal because “candidates want support and they offer responsiveness; citizens want responsiveness and they offer support” (78).
This behavior, which produces no concrete benefits for the constituent, does however help to create an atmosphere of trust and support for the representative. Trust is perhaps the most important component because it sustains the relationship between representative and represented even when the more tangible forms of responsiveness may not be much in evidence. Bianco (1994) notes that constituents cannot help but trust their representatives because they are lacking detailed information. They may know what they would like to happen, but may not know enough about the consequences of a particular law.