By Muhammad Farooq, Kadambot H. M. Siddique
Conservation agriculture—consisting of 4 elements together with everlasting soil hide, minimal soil disturbance, different crop rotations and built-in weed management—is thought of the central pathway to sustainable agriculture and the conservation of usual assets and the surroundings. best researchers within the box describe the fundamental rules of conservation agriculture, and synthesize contemporary advances and advancements in conservation agriculture examine. This booklet is a prepared reference on conservation agriculture and reinforces the knowledge for its usage to increase environmentally sustainable and ecocnomic nutrition creation structures. The publication describes numerous components of conservation agriculture; highlights the linked breeding and modeling efforts; analyses the stories and demanding situations in conservation agriculture in numerous areas of the realm; and proposes a few pragmatic concepts and new components of analysis during this vitally important region of agriculture.
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Extra resources for Conservation agriculture
Crop yield and soil physical properties. Soil Tillage Res 42:145–160 Lal R (1998) Soil erosion impact on agronomic productivity and environment quality. Crit Rev Plant Sci 17:319–464 Lal R (2005) World crop residues production and implications of its use as a biofuel. Environ Int 31:575–584 Lekasi JK, Tanner JC, Kimani SK, Harris PJC (2003) Cattle manure quality in Maragua district, central Kenya: effect of management practices and development of simple methods of assessment. Agric Ecosyst Environ 94:289–298 Lestrelin G, Quoc HT, Jullien F, Rattanatray B, Khamxaykhay C, Tivet F (2012) Conservation agriculture in Laos: diffusion and determinants for adoption of direct seeding mulch-based cropping systems in smallholder agriculture.
59 t ha−1. CA is likely to have the largest impact in low-rainfall environments where increased infiltration of rainfall and reduced evaporative losses are achieved by retaining crop residues. However, it is in these areas that achieving sufficient crop residues is a challenge, particularly in mixed crop–livestock systems where crop residues are needed for livestock feed in the dry season. The results suggest that CA needs to be targeted and adapted to specific biophysical as well as socioeconomic circumstances of farmers for improved impact.
Nutrient inputs needed to be the same across the treatments tested in each study. Unpublished data or grey literature was obtained from researchers working on CA. Result moderators or factors likely to influence the meta-analysis outcome such as annual rainfall and N input as reported in the literature were included in the analysis. 2). 1 Tillage treatments used in the meta-analysis Tillage management option Short description Conventional tillage (CT) Mouldboard ploughing without crop residue retention.