By Gavin Parker
Citizenships, Contingency and the nation-state defines citizenship when it comes to the agricultural atmosphere. The e-book expands and explores a widened conceptualization of citizenship and units out a variety of examples the place citizenship, at assorted scales, has been expressed in and over the agricultural setting. a part of the research encompasses a overview of the political building and use of citizenship rhetoric over the last twenty years, along an historic and theoretical dialogue of citizenship and rights within the British nation-state. The textual content concludes with a decision to know and include the a number of voices and pursuits in decision-making, that each one impact the British geographical region.
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Additional info for Citizenships, Contingency and the Countryside: Rights, Culture, Land and the Environment (Routledge Studies in Human Geography)
While freedom is an abstract concept, and at the opposite, after Foucault, absolute domination is not possible (Parker, 1999a; Parker and Ravenscroft, 1999; Foucault, 1977), the role of states should be to inform, engage and react ﬂexibly towards cultural change and social need. That said, there are deeper aspects to be associated to citizenship, for example the way that citizenship is constructed and deployed discursively and expressed culturally and the way that individuals ‘feel’ citizenship (Clarke, 1996; Gorman, 2000).
It is also possible to rethink citizenship in terms of process (Isin and Wood, 1999); and, further, to think about citizenship as a state of knowledge: of knowingness. If we creatively fuse these views of citizenship we can think of it, after Pred (1984), in terms of ‘becoming’. In this way, the types of practice and activities that people engage in can be viewed more widely as being constitutive of citizenship. Citizenship: status, identity and activity The ‘ideal’ of citizenship has been conceived as one where all citizens are integrated into society and form part of that nation qua community.
Added to this, it is argued that consideration of forces using ‘rights talk’, or claiming citizenship in the juridical sense, are also placing a strain on modern nationbased citizenship. The expression of citizenship is mutating such that actions and enforcements are based more on mediated information and cultural determinants from above or from below the level of the national state as well as being promoted as a vehicle for group or network politics. Here it is asserted that there are multidirectional forces that render citizenship both conditional and contingent: subject to continual contestation and renewal.