By Bjørn Hvinden, Håkan Johansson
This ebook bargains an cutting edge research of the ways that the connection among electorate and welfare states - social citizenship - turns into extra dynamic and multifaceted because of Europeanization and individualization. Written through interdisciplinary participants from politics, sociology, legislation and philosophy, it examines the transformation of social citizenship via a sequence of illuminating case reviews, evaluating Nordic international locations and different ecu international locations. facing the next components of nationwide and eu welfare coverage, laws and perform: activation – reforms linking source of revenue upkeep and employment advertising scope for participation of marginal teams in deliberation and decision-making impression of human rights laws for welfare and criminal safety opposed to discrimination and social limitations to equivalent industry participation coordination of social protection structures to facilitate cross-border mobility in Europe pension reform – efforts to make pension structures sustainable. Citizenship in Nordic Welfare States could be of curiosity to scholars and researchers of social coverage, comparative welfare, social legislations, political technological know-how, sociology and eu reports.
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Additional resources for Citizenship in Nordic Welfare States: Dynamics of Choice, Duties and Participation In a Changing Europe (Routledge Advances in European Politics)
But with modernization and the growth of democratic institutions states took on greater responsibilities towards their subjects while demanding greater individual contributions in terms of taxes and defence of national borders. In return, the state granted citizens various individual rights meant to enhance their economic and personal well-being. A state’s capacity to deliver security and welfare provisions depends on the steady generation of income and the compliance of the general population.
Indeed, a key theme in his essay is the compatibility of the emerging equal status of citizenship for all inhabitants, with the continued existence of substantial class differences in income, wealth and living conditions in liberal capitalist economy. At the same time, however, Marshall the sociologist fully accepted the main premises and assumptions of the dominant sociological paradigm of the mid-twentieth century, and its concern for the conditions for societal integration and social inclusion.
In addition, the internationalization of trade and finance made it easier for companies to escape local taxes and high labour costs. Keynes’ economic theory seemed less appropriate to provide the right answers for an increasingly global economy, where inflation may be imported and capital is mobile, therefore it came under attack, most notably from neo-liberals who argued that deficit spending was costing the economy dearly because it kept up interest rates, making all investment more expensive and causing inflation.