By Jan W. Van Deth, José Ramón Montero, Anders Westholm
This specified research offers the result of a cross-national research of citizenship and participation between voters in twelve eu democracies.
Research at the destiny and caliber of up to date democracy is generally constrained to concentration both on political participation, on specific facets of citizenship, or on social actions, solely. This new booklet deals the 1st empirical research of the relationships either among social and political involvement, and among ‘small-scale’ and ‘large-scale’ democracies.
Citizenship and Involvement in ecu Democracies deals consultant samples of the populations in a range of eu international locations among 2000-2002, together with: Denmark, Germany (East and West), Moldova, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland. The top individuals supply new theoretical insights and provide a wide conceptualization of citizenship, stimulating the continued discussions concerning the difficulties and demanding situations of democratic political systems.
This publication has a significant other quantity entitled Social Capital and institutions in ecu Democracies edited via William A. Maloney and Sigrid Roßteutscher (Routledge, 2006).
Both volumes can be of serious curiosity to scholars and researchers of ecu politics, comparative politics and sociology.
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Extra info for Citizenship and Involvement in European Democracies: A Comparative Analysis
In only three countries, however, does the president enjoy a signiﬁcant amount of political power (Portugal, Moldova, and Russia). In the remaining instances, the part played by the presidential ofﬁce is largely ceremonial. As expected, all three federal republics, along with Spain, have bicameral parliaments. So, however, do three additional countries: the Netherlands, 26 Westholm, Montero, and van Deth Romania, and Slovenia. 1 for details). In nearly all cases, the parliament is elected by means of party lists in an essentially proportional fashion.
The distinction between small- and large-scale democracy, as well as the idea to make both of them part of the study of the realisation of citizenship, originates from prior work on Scandinavian countries, beginning with the Swedish study of citizenship carried out in 1987 (Petersson et al. 1989; see also Andersen et al. 1993; Petersson et al. 1998; Andersen and Hoff 2001). While one can arrive at essentially the same ideas from several different ends, one useful starting point is the notion of autonomy.
However, as Bismarck noted, uniﬁcation came about by means of ‘blood and iron’ rather than speeches and resolutions. During the next ﬁve decades, Germany thus remained autocratic with only limited elements of parliamentary rule. It took a lost war and a subsequent revolution before the democratic Weimar republic was introduced in 1918 (when women also gained the right to vote). The revolutionary manner in which it came about and the enormous economic difﬁculties it faced, paved the way for Hitler’s ‘Machtübernahme’ in 1933, which in turn implied that democracy was interrupted until 1949 in the western part of Germany and until the 1990 reuniﬁcation in the eastern part.