By Gianfranco Rizzoni M.D., Michel Broyer M.D. (auth.), Richard N. Fine M.D. (eds.)
During the earlier decade, there was a renaissance of curiosity within the use of peritoneal dialysis as a first-rate dialytic modality for the remedy of kids with finish degree renal sickness (ESRD). the advance of the means of non-stop ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and non-stop biking peritoneal dialysis (CCPD) has markedly replaced the method of kids requiring dialytic treatment. the supply of those suggestions has facilitated lengthy dialysis in babies and has for the 1st time given pediatric nephro logists in lots of components of the area a chance to contemplate dialysis in chil dren bothered with ESRD. i've got enlisted the collaboration of fellow workers from Europe, South the USA, Canada, and the USA in compiling this multidisciplinary textual content, which with a bit of luck includes the main up to date, entire information about using CAPD/CCPD in youngsters. it truly is my wish that each nephrologist (pediatric and adult); nephrology nurse (pediatric and adult); nephrology tech nician, or allied doctor facing young children who require those healing modalities may be capable of unravel instantly any confounding scientific or technical concerns that come up through the use of the data contained during this textual content. Demographic facts at the use of CAPD/CCPD in young children in Europe is equipped from the EDTA Registry and within the usa from the nationwide Peritoneal Dialysis Registry. the actual difficulties encountered within the use xiii xiv Preface of CAPD in young children in constructing nations is exact by way of Dr. Grunberg and his colleagues in Uruguay.
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Extra info for Chronic Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis (CAPD) and Chronic Cycling Peritoneal Dialysis (CCPD) in Children
Peritoneal surface area in adults approximates total skin surface area . Direct tracings of the peritoneal surface area in neonates and adults suggest that the neonate, when compared to the adult has twice as large a peritoneal surface area when relative to body weight [3, 4]. Although the absolute measurements are dissimilar in the two studies involving infants, presumably because different techniques were used, the relative differences are similar. Of interest is the fact that when the more recent peritoneal surface area data are scaled for skin surface area, the mean peritoneal surface area per m 2 in infants and adults is similar [3, 5].
17. aspects. In: RN Fine, AB Gruskin, End stage renal disease in children, Chap 12, Philadelphia; WB Saunders, 1984, p 135. Ad Hoc task force on home care of chronically ill infants: Guidelines for home care of infants, children and adolescents with chronic disease. Pediatrics 74:434, 1984. Weiss SA, Edelmann CM: Children on dialysis. New Engl] Med 307:1974, 1982. : Dialisis peritoneal con cateter de Tenckhoff. Una adecuada alternativa terapeutica. Bol Med Hosp Infant Mex 41:545,1984. Griinberg], Verocay MC: Dialisis peritoneal cronica y rehabilitacion social de los niiios uremicos del Tercer Mundo.
Therefore, CAPD only representative of end-stage treatment. must be expanded in developing countries. REFERENCES 1. Warner KE, Luce BR: Principles: the methodology of CBA-CEA. In: Warner KE, Luce BR Cost-benefits and cost-effectiveness analysis in health care. Principles, practice and potential. Michigan: Health Administration Press, 1982 p 59. 2. Banta 0: La evaluaci6n de la technologfa en la asistencia sanitaria. Foro Mundial de la Salud 2:632, 1981. 3. Report of the workgroup on appropriate technology for health office of the Caribbean programme coordinator.