Biological Control of Plant Diseases: Progress and by E. C. Tjamos (auth.), Prof. E. C. Tjamos, Dr. G. C.

By E. C. Tjamos (auth.), Prof. E. C. Tjamos, Dr. G. C. Papavizas, Dr. R. J. Cook (eds.)

The papers contained during this ebook have been awarded at a NATO complicated examine Workshop (ARW) held at Cape Sounion, Athens, Greece, 19-24 may perhaps, 1991. The twenty-eight extra accomplished papers characterize the main topics of the ARW lined via invited audio system. The thirty-four brief papers pre­ sented in a study structure are contributions of these invited to take part within the ARW. there has been a complete of 70 individuals from 21 nations. The pursuits of the ARW have been as follows: to study present wisdom of organic keep watch over of plant illnesses and plant parasitic nematodes, with emphasis on mechanisms on the molecular, mobile, organismal, and environment point; to check and extend on present options and synthesize new thoughts; to spot and prioritize obstacles within the use of organic keep an eye on for plant illnesses and nematodes and the clinical learn had to conquer those barriers; and to boost innovations for organic keep an eye on via administration of resident brokers or advent of typical or converted agents.

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Competition for nutrients and/or induced resistance. , 1988). , 1991). When healthy winter wheat seeds were sown mixed with dead oat kernels heavily infected with Ggt in a take-all suppressive field at the experimental Farm "De Schreef" in the Netherlands, most seminal roots developed Ggt lesions. Nodal roots developing somewhat later did have Ggt lesions-(Schippers, unpublished). It is difficult to imagine, that with such a heavy Ggt inoculum pressure, the protection of the nodal roots against Ggt is only based on microbial antagonism without an enhanced defence mechanismtof the wheat root tissue being involved.

H. , NATO ASI Series, Vol. H28, Springer Verlag, Berlin. , 1990, Biological Control of Fusarium wilt pathogens in suppressive soils, pages 27-43, in: "Biological Control of Soilborne Plant Pathogens", D. B. International, Wallingford. , 1985, Nature of intragenic competition between pathogenic and nonpathogenic Fusarium in a wilt suppressive soil, pages 165-178, in: "Iron, siderophores and plant diseases", T. R. ,Plenum Press, New York, London. , 1987, Utilisation de souches non pathogenes de Fusarium pour lutter contre les fusarioses: situations actuelle dans la practique, EPPO Bulletin, 17: 665.

22 carnation tobacco Induced resistance WCS417 "LPS"d or derivative(s) CHAO HCN (hypothesis) Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici. in combination with a nonpathogenic strain antifungal factor. lipopolysaccharides. ' 1988 Scher and Baker, 1982 Duijff and Schippers, unpbl. Lemanceau and Bakker, unpubl. , 1990 oxysporum. The major strategies that have been used to detect and prove the involvement of a particular mechanism or metabolite in the disease suppressiveness are the following: 1. The manipulation of an environmental factor specifically affecting the mechanism or microbial metabolite involved.

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