Beyond Conventional Wisdom in Development Policy: An by United Nations

By United Nations

This publication commemorating the 40th anniversary of the institution of UNCTAD indicates how UNCTAD´s paintings has developed and identifies the various significant highbrow contributions that the association has made when it comes to either analytical perspectives and coverage proposals. In a thought-provoking preface to the ebook, Mr. Rubens Ricupero, offers his own reflections on his 9 years at UNCTAD as Secretary-General.

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Additional resources for Beyond Conventional Wisdom in Development Policy: An Intellectual History of UNCTAD 1964-2004

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The role of UNCTAD is to act as a moderate and constructive forum where such solutions may be developed and matured for eventual adoption in negotiations by the WTO members. It is by no means impossible, as we can see in the examples listed in Professor Lafer’s article: the Generalized System of Preferences and special and differentiated treatment together with the Enabling Clause, first initiated in UNCTAD and later adopted by GATT. At the moment that trade issues have again become politically explosive subjects, UNCTAD and the WTO have no other choice than to closely cooperate in order to integrate development and poverty reduction in trade negotiations for the benefit of an interdependent world and for the consolidation of a fair and balanced multilateral trading system.

On the road to Cancun, on 13 August 2003, the European Union and the United States submitted a joint proposal that in effect amounted to a minimalist approach to the goal of agriculture trade liberalization set out at Doha. In reaction, a core group of developing countries - Argentina, Brazil, China, India and South Africa advanced a counter-proposal that clearly constituted a more ambitious modality of dealing with farm trade reform. The resulting impasse over agriculture was the real and hidden cause of the failure in Cancun and not the disagreement over starting negotiations on the so-called Singapore issues - investment, competition, government procurement and trade facilitation - as it was technically arranged to appear.

It is sufficient to think about treaties limiting armaments to see the point. What Hart really means is that GATT (today the WTO) obligations are not more “legal” than other commitments or more limitative of sovereignty but that they are enforceable because they have at their disposal a dispute-settlement mechanism capable of imposing sanctions, that is, with teeth. In that sense, one may say that GATTNTO is not entirely unique but belongs in the very rarefied category of the “happy few”. ) In that article, Lafer, currently Professor of International Law at the University of Sgo Paulo, clarifies: “UNCTAD, it is useful to stress, is not a An Intellectual History of UNCTAD specialized international organization created by a specific treaty, as in the case of the IMF or the World Bank, with their own competences and resources in the area of finance and which are part of the UN system...

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