By Milič Čapek (auth.)
Milic Capek has committed his scholarship to the heritage and philosophy of contemporary physics. With impeccable care, he has mastered the epistemologi cal and clinical advancements through operating in the course of the papers, treatises, correspondence of physicists considering Kant, and also he has positioned his studying and demanding ability into the similar philosophical literature. Coming from his unique medical profession with a philosophy doctorate from the Charles college in Prague, Capek has ranged past a narrowly outlined philosophy of physics into basic epistemology of the ordinary sciences and to the entire ancient evolution of those concerns. He has ex pounded his perspectives on those issues in a few articles and, systema tically, in his e-book The Philosophical effect of latest PhYSiCS, released in 1961 and reprinted with new appendices in 1969. His specific reward for lots of of his readers and scholars lies within the nice interval from the mid-nineteenth century throughout the foundations of the physics and philosophy of the 20th, and inside this awesome time, Profes sor Capek has develop into a important expositor and sympathetic critic of the philosophy of Henri Bergson. He joins a exotic staff of students -physicists and philosophers -who were motivated to a few in their so much profound and creative idea through Bergson's metaphysical and mental paintings: Cassirer, Meyerson, de Broglie, Metz, Jankelevitch, Zawirski, and lately, Costa de Beauregard, Watanabe, Blanche, and others.
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Extra resources for Bergson and Modern Physics: A Reinterpretation and Re-evaluation
26-28 (Mind III, 316-318) where Helmholtz describes the hypothetical experiences in the spherical and pseudospherica1 spaces. On the other hand, against the later view of Poincare he insists on the absolute impossibility to imagine the fourth dimension (p. 28). Helmholtz's view about the imaginability of 1 28 BERGSON AND MODERN PHYSICS non-Euclidian geometries was challenged by Alois Riehl, 'Helmholtz in seinem VerhiHtnis zum Kant', Kantstudien IX (1904) 278-279; by J. P. N. Land, 'Kant's Space and Modern Mathematics', Mind IV (1877) 38--46.
Because the uniformities of nature generate the uniformities of thought, the solidarity of the associative links between two ideas constitute in Mach's empiricist and associationist psychology the basis of logical necessity which is a subjective counterpart of the objective order of nature. BERGSON'S BIOLOGICAL THEORY OF KNOWLEDGE 21 Like Spencer, Mach illustrates the inconceivability of the opposite by an example borrowed from geometry; but while Spencer uses as an illustration an example of an Euclidian theorem, Mach is more cautious in using theorems whose validity is not confined to the Euclidian geometryonly: But I notice that in imagining two couples of points I already imagine four points at the same time.
3o Similarly, in considering the possibility of imagining a four-dimensional space, he says: That is possible, but that is difficult because we have to overcome a multitude of associations of ideas, which are the fruit of a long personal experience and of still longer experience of the race. It is these associations (or at least those of them which we have inherited from our ancestors), which constitute this a priori form of which it is said that we have pure intuition. Then I do not see why one should declare it refractory to analysis and should deny me the right of investigating its origin.