By Mark Swenarton, Tom Avermaete, Dirk van den Heuvel
In the many years following international struggle , and partly according to the chilly battle, governments throughout Western Europe set out bold programmes for social welfare and the redistribution of wealth that aimed to enhance the typical lives in their electorate. a lot of those welfare nation programmes - housing, faculties, new cities, cultural and leisure centres – concerned not only development yet a brand new method of architectural layout, during which the welfare ambitions of those state-funded programmes have been delineated and debated. The effect on architects and architectural layout used to be profound and far-reaching, with welfare nation initiatives relocating centre-stage in architectural discourse not only in Europe yet worldwide.
This is the 1st booklet to discover the structure of the welfare nation in Western Europe from a global point of view. With chapters overlaying Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, Sweden and the united kingdom, the e-book explores the complicated position performed by means of structure within the formation and improvement of the welfare nation in either conception and perform.
- the position of the outfitted surroundings within the welfare country as a political venture
- the colonial measurement of ecu welfare kingdom structure and its ‘export’ to Africa and Asia
- the position of welfare kingdom tasks in selling patron tradition and financial growth
- the photo of the collective produced through welfare country architecture
- the function of architectural innovation within the welfare state
- the position of the architect, in place of building businesses and others, in deciding upon what was once built
- the dating among architectural and social theory
- the function of inner institutional critique and the counterculture.
Contributors comprise: Tom Avermaete, Eve Blau, Nicholas Bullock, Miles Glendinning, Janina Gosseye, Hilde Heynen, Caroline Maniaque-Benton, Helena Mattsson, Luca Molinari, Simon Pepper, Michelle Provoost, Lukasz Stanek, Mark Swenarton, Florian city and Dirk van den Heuvel.
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Additional info for Architecture and the Welfare State
19 Strnad’s project was published in Das Kunstblatt (1924): 110. It seems curiously reminiscent of John Nash’s 1811 design for Regent’s Park in London. 20 For the pre-war history of the Terrassenhaus, see R. Pommer and C. F. Otto, Weissenhof, 1927 and the Modern Movement in Architecture, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991, 113–115. For Le Corbusier’s immeuble villas and maison Citrohan exhibited along with the Ville Contemporaine at the Salon d’Automne, see Le Corbusier, Urbanisme (Paris: Cres, 1925) translated by F.
Hamlin, Architectural Record, 31 (New York, 1912), 485–500. 18 O. ’ Arbeiter-Zeitung, 24 October 1923, 6. 19 Strnad’s project was published in Das Kunstblatt (1924): 110. It seems curiously reminiscent of John Nash’s 1811 design for Regent’s Park in London. 20 For the pre-war history of the Terrassenhaus, see R. Pommer and C. F. Otto, Weissenhof, 1927 and the Modern Movement in Architecture, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991, 113–115. For Le Corbusier’s immeuble villas and maison Citrohan exhibited along with the Ville Contemporaine at the Salon d’Automne, see Le Corbusier, Urbanisme (Paris: Cres, 1925) translated by F.
By 1923 both the Terrassenhaus type and the idea of the roof garden were hardly new. 20 But for Loos it was a type that had particular signiﬁcance for urban proletarian living: ‘the fate of the proletarian’s child … seems particularly harsh to me. ’21 A site-speciﬁc design on the Inzersdorferstrasse in Vienna’s district X, Loos’s Terrassenhaus adapted the stepped proﬁle and volumetric Raumplan organization he had employed in some of his prewar houses to multi-storey proletarian living, with two-storey apartments that opened out onto communal terraces.