By Kenneth K. Kuo, Ragini Acharya(auth.)
A hands-on, built-in method of fixing combustion difficulties in various components
An figuring out of turbulence, combustion, and multiphase reacting flows is key for engineers and scientists in lots of industries, together with energy genera-tion, jet and rocket propulsion, toxins keep an eye on, fireplace prevention and safeguard, and fabric processing. This booklet deals a hugely functional dialogue of burning habit and chemical techniques happening in diversified fabrics, arming readers with the instruments they should clear up the main advanced combustion difficulties dealing with the clinical group this present day. the second one of a two-volume paintings, purposes of Turbulent and Multiphase Combustion expands on issues related to laminar flames from Professor Kuo's bestselling publication ideas of Combustion, moment variation, then builds upon the idea mentioned within the better half quantity basics of Turbulent and Multiphase Combustion to handle intimately state-of-the-art experimental options and purposes now not lined at any place else.
Special gains of this ebook contain:
Coverage of complicated purposes corresponding to sturdy propellants, burning habit, and chemical boundary layer flows
A multiphase structures method discussing uncomplicated techniques sooner than relocating to higher-level purposes
A huge variety of sensible examples gleaned from the authors' event in addition to difficulties and a suggestions manual
Engineers and researchers in chemical and mechanical engineering and fabrics technology will locate functions of Turbulent and Multiphase Combustion an fundamental advisor for upgrading their abilities and maintaining with this quickly evolving sector. it's also an exceptional source for college kids and execs in mechanical, chemical, and aerospace engineering.Content:
Chapter 1 strong Propellants and their Combustion features (pages 1–71):
Chapter 2 Thermal Decomposition and Combustion of Nitramines (pages 72–142):
Chapter three Burning habit of Homogeneous good Propellants (pages 143–208):
Chapter four Chemically Reacting Boundary?Layer Flows (pages 209–329):
Chapter five Ignition and Combustion of unmarried lively reliable debris (pages 330–455):
Chapter 6 Combustion of stable debris in Multiphase Flows (pages 456–506):
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Extra resources for Applications of Turbulent and Multiphase Combustion
These voids can become larger with increase of shear or tensile strains. Propellants usually show a nonlinear viscoelastic behavior. 10 Effect of strain rate on viscoelastic behavior of solid propellants. 10. 4) dt The nonlinear mechanical behavior means that the stress response of propellants depends on both the level of strain applied and the strain rate at which it was applied. Also, under multiple loads, the material becomes weaker and suffers some damage with each loading cycle or thermal stress application (Sutton and Biblarz, 2001).
2 Burning Rate of Pressed Nitramine Ingredients In order to study the combustion behavior of solid propellants, it is helpful to understand the burning rate behavior of individual ingredients, even though such ingredients generally are not used as stand-alone propellants. For example, HMX and RDX are crystalline particles, and they are not used as monopropellants. However, pressed strands of HMX and RDX can be burned in a strand burner to obtain their respective burning rates and temperature sensitivities.
It allows a high solid fraction (88% to 90% of AP and Al by mass) and relatively good physical properties at the temperature range from −50◦ to 65◦ C (Sutton and Biblarz, 2001). Several different chemical formulae exist for HTPB. 8 Molecular structures of HTPB. 3 Desired Properties of a Binder The binder must be in liquid form during the preliminary phase of the preparation of the intimate mixture of oxidizer and fuel ingredients, although its elements must have sufﬁciently low volatility characteristics to withstand the high vacuum used during the mixing of the slurry and the casting of the propellant into a particular grain shape.