Acre. The Rise and Fall of a Palestinian City, 1730-1831 by Thomas Philipp

By Thomas Philipp

Thomas Philipp's learn of Acre combines the main huge use to this point of neighborhood Arabic assets with advertisement files in Europe to make clear a area and gear middle many determine because the starting of recent Palestinian heritage. The 3rd biggest urban in eighteenth-century Syria—after Aleppo and Damascus—Acre was once the capital of a politically and economically designated area at the Mediterranean coast that integrated what's this present day northern Israel and southern Lebanon. within the eighteenth century, Acre grew dramatically from a small fishing village to a fortified urban of a few 25,000 population. funds vegetation (first cotton, then grain) made Acre the heart of alternate and political strength and associated it inextricably to the area economic climate. Acre used to be markedly varied from different towns within the area: its city society consisted virtually solely of immigrants looking their fortune.

The upward push and fall of Acre within the eighteenth and 19th centuries, Thomas Philipp argues,...

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Extra resources for Acre. The Rise and Fall of a Palestinian City, 1730-1831

Example text

Yet there are the occasional superb reports by travelers, lending an outsider’s keen eye to the observation of local circumstances. Critical analysis of the travelers’ texts can provide insights on a large variety of issues. The Ottoman archives concerning the region have been extensively used in A. Cohen’s work on Palestine in the eighteenth century. They concern mainly fiscal, tax, and administrative affairs and relations to the central government. Sorely missing from the list of archives are any local archives in Acre: the sijillāt of the courts, for instance, or private materials.

6 Trade routes7 overlapped to a certain degree with pilgrimage routes or military highways. Merchandise was transported either by beasts of burden or by ship. Sea lanes played a much more important role for trade than they did for military purposes. Throughout the period there existed a very active coastal shipping connecting all the ports from Damiette to Jaffa, Acre, Tyre, Sidon, Beirut, Tripoli, and Cyprus. 9 The coastal trade was one of the major north-south trade links in the area. Wood from Mount Lebanon was shipped via Beirut and Jaffa to Jerusalem; silk went via Beirut to Sidon or Acre, from where it was exported to Marseilles.

CHAPTER 1 SOUTHWEST SYRIA IN THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY: HIGHWAYS, SEA LANES, AND POPULATIONS The Arab lands of the eastern Mediterranean region had first been incorporated into the Ottoman Empire at the beginning of the sixteenth century. The Syrian region between the Taurus Mountains and the Sinai Peninsula—known to its inhabitants and neighbors as Bilād al-Shām, usually translated as the Geographic Syria or the Land of Syria—fulfilled an essential function in the imperial strategy of Istanbul.

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