Above The Death Pits, Beneath The Flag. Youth Voyages to by Jackie Feldman

By Jackie Feldman

Israeli formative years voyages to Poland are some of the most well known and influential different types of transmission of Holocaust reminiscence in Israeli society. via in depth player remark, crew discussions, pupil diaries, and questionnaires, the writer demonstrates how the country shapes Poland right into a dwelling deathscape of Diaspora Jewry. during the voyage, scholars endure a ceremony de passage, within which they're reworked into sufferers, triumphant survivors, and at last witnesses of the witnesses. through viewing, touching, and smelling Holocaust-period ruins and is still, through accompanying the survivors at the websites in their ache and survival, crying jointly and acting commemorative ceremonies on the dying websites, scholars from a wide selection of family members backgrounds develop into companies of Shoah reminiscence. they arrive to work out the kingdom and its protection because the romanticized solution to the Shoah. those voyages are a bureaucratic reaction to uncertainty and fluidity of id in an more and more globalized and fragmented society. This research provides a measured and compassionate moral voice to ideological debates surrounding academic and cultural sorts of encountering the previous in modern Israel, and increases extra questions about the illustration of the Holocaust after the dying of the final dwelling witnesses.

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The increased receptiveness to these stories was also facilitated by the passage of generational time and the growing temporal distance from the trauma. Furthermore, as Israel’s life-situation oscillated between periods of war and reprieve, her self-perceptions fluctuated between strength and vulnerability, between openness to the surrounding world and hostility. These self-understandings also shaped the way the historical event of the Shoah was remembered and evoked. The first part of this chapter will examine changing Holocaust memory at several milestones in Israeli history, while the second part of this chapter will look at the forms of transmission and commemoration of the Holocaust that are most proximate to the life world of the participants: school education, the shaping of commemorative space (Yad Vashem), the commemorative calendar (Holocaust Memorial Day), and the performance of Shoah commemorations in Israeli high schools.

02-Ch2 1/16/08 11:41 AM Page 31 The Historical and Social Context of Israeli Shoah Commemoration 31 examining the traditional Jewish memory paradigms, ingrained cultural forms, political interests, the repercussions of important national events, and the lingering effects of trauma (Schudson and Scott 1989), can we explain how particular understandings of the Shoah develop and are accepted by people as reflecting reality. In chapter 1, I discuss how Jewish memory paradigms and the dialectic and conflicted relationship of Zionism towards the Diaspora gave shape to Shoah memory in Israel.

In this schema, cultural factors are considered an impediment to the universal psychological process of working through, rather than elements constructing if and how events come to be experienced as traumatic. As we move from second to third generation and beyond, the major means of transmission of the Shoah (and its effects on personal and collective identity) have become school education, mass media, support groups, commemorations, and public representations, rather than family narratives (Hartman 1997: 66).

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