A Natural History of Rape: Biological Bases of Sexual by Randy Thornhill, Craig T. Palmer

By Randy Thornhill, Craig T. Palmer

During this sure-to-be-controversial booklet, Randy Thornhill and Craig Palmer use evolutionary biology to provide an explanation for the explanations of rape and to suggest new ways to its prevention. in keeping with Thornhill and Palmer, developed edition of a few style offers upward thrust to rape; the most evolutionary query is whether or not rape is an model itself or a derivative of alternative variations. whatever the solution, Thornhill and Palmer notice, rape circumvents a imperative characteristic of women's reproductive technique: mate selection. this can be a basic this is because rape is devastating to its sufferers, specially younger women. Thornhill and Palmer handle, and declare to demolish scientifically, many myths approximately rape bred through social technological know-how idea over the last twenty-five years. the preferred rivalry that rapists aren't influenced by means of sexual hope is, they argue, scientifically misguided. even supposing they argue that rape is organic, Thornhill and Palmer don't view it as inevitable. Their strategies for rape prevention contain educating younger men to not rape, punishing rape extra significantly, and learning the effectiveness of "chemical castration." additionally they suggest that younger ladies examine the organic factors of rape whilst making judgements approximately gown, visual appeal, and social actions. Rape might stop to exist, they argue, in basic terms in a society acquainted with its evolutionary reasons. The booklet encompasses a priceless precis of evolutionary concept and a comparability of evolutionary biology's and social science's factors of human habit. The authors argue for the better explanatory strength and functional usefulness of evolutionary biology. The publication is certain to fan the flames of dialogue either at the particular subject of rape and at the higher problems with how we comprehend and impact human habit.

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Additional resources for A Natural History of Rape: Biological Bases of Sexual Coercion

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The male-female differences in the brains, other body parts, and behavior of elephant seals are attributable to the simple fact that males and females in ancestral populations faced very different obstacles to reproduction. Hence, over thousands of generations, Darwinian selection favored different adaptations in males and females. To understand why selection produced such different male-female adaptations in elephant seals but lesser differences between the adaptations of male and female harbor seals requires an understanding of what Darwin called sexual selection: the selection of traits that increase the quantity and/or the quality of an individual's mates rather than increasing the individual's ability to survive.

Suppose A is being interviewed by B for a job in a traditional social science department. Suppose that during the interview B argues that, because human behavior is cultural, it is independent of biology (and, therefore, A should not be hired). Knowing that many people erroneously equate biol- 30 Chapter 1 ogy with genetics, A launches into a long speech about gene-environment interactions, ontogeny, and psychological adaptations and looks for signs of comprehension from B—nods, affirmative grunts, perhaps even a smile.

This knowledge has resulted from studies directed by the fundamental evolutionary concept of kin selection: individuals perpetuate their genes not only by producing offspring but also by aiding relatives, includ- ing offspring (Hamilton 1963,1964; Alexander 1987; Chagnon and Irons 1979; Betzig et al. 1988; Betzig 1997; Crawford and Krebs 1998). Relatives contain a high proportion of identical genes, and the closer the kinship relationship the higher the genetic similarity. What are the proximate cues by which individuals identify their relatives and distinguish categories of relatives?

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