By Elizabeth Endicott
An illustrated background of the pastoral nomadic lifestyle in Mongolia, this ebook examines the numerous demanding situations that Mongolian herders proceed to stand within the fight over common assets within the post-socialist unfastened industry period.
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Extra info for A History of Land Use in Mongolia: The Thirteenth Century to the Present
Fences and walls were foreign to Mongolian culture in the thirteenth century and to some degree they remain so today. ”6 In this case, a dispute over hunting territory led to a split within a clan with a new clan emerging and relocating. There is a tendency in the modern environmentalist literature on Mongolia to insert current environmental conservation values back into the thirteenth century. ”7 It is more likely that Chinggis Khan marked as “off limits” certain areas abundant with game in which he and his royal entourage wished to hunt.
The Mongols in the Iranian-Turkic cultural spheres largely converted to Islam and intermarried with local peoples during the fourteenth century. Because those Mongols who settled in Iran, Afghanistan, along the lower Volga, and elsewhere in the Islamic world did not return to the Mongolian homeland, they shall not be the focus of our attention. The Mongols who ruled China, however, did return to the steppes of Mongolia after the dynasty E a r ly H i s t o ry 49 that they ruled (the Yuan Dynasty, 1271–1272) collapsed during a wave of rebellions in the 1360s.
With camels giving birth to a single offspring only once every two years, the current rate of reduction has understandably led to greater efforts in Mongolia to conserve the remaining population. 19 As for the bovine population, yak are herded in the higher elevations of both the Altai Mountains, which span the central and western Gobi aimags, and the Khangai Mountains. Simukov noted that mainly khainag were raised in the Gobi. Cattle simply cannot graze Mongolia’s Regions 31 easily among the short, sparse Gobi grasses, and they are generally found more in the peri-Gobi zone, not in the heart of the Gobi.